Anticipatory Activity: Why do Poems Rhyme?
Start your Halloween poetry lesson by analyzing the purpose of rhyme in poetry. Use think-pair-share to get students thinking about the different reasons why poets use rhyme. Create a bubble map describing “Why Poems Rhyme” as students share their ideas with the class. Several reasons are listed below if you need something to get your students started.
- Creates a pattern
- Fun to listen to
- Easy to remember
- Create emotion, feeling, or meaning
- Gives the poem structure
- Ties words together
- Creates relationships
- Creates a musical quality
Introduction: Rhyme Scheme
Before students can understand rhyme scheme, they will need to know how to identify a stanza. Like other forms of writing, poetry needs to be organized. Stanzas give poems a structure for organization. They break up the poem into smaller parts. It’s helpful to think of stanzas like paragraphs. Stanzas can have varying amounts of lines, just like paragraphs can have varying amounts of sentences.
A stanza with two lines is called a couplet.
A stanza with three lines is called a tercet.
A stanza with four lines is called a quatrain.
What is rhyme scheme?
Rhyme scheme describes the pattern of rhyming words in a poem. Analyze a stanza to determine the rhyme scheme. Assign a letter to the word at the end of each line. Words that rhyme get the same letter. Always start with “A,” then “B,” etc.